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There are many beautiful gems that are commonly used in jewelry available in the market, and it is beneficial to understand your options before making any major purchases. And if you are looking for some affordable but still glorious selection, semi-precious stones will be your best choice. A list of gemstones and their features is a useful tool to have at your disposal of jewelry collections.

Lapis Lazuli

Lapis lazuli, one of the most beautiful blue gems available, is a wonderful choice for jewelry with cabochons and carved embellishments. Unlike many other stones, lapis lazuli is a composite of several distinct components. It frequently contains flecks of iron pyrite, also known as "fool's gold," as well as while streaks of calcite. The most prized specimens are deep, dark blue with no calcite.

This diamond is rated 5.0 to 6.0 on the Mohs scale, indicating that it should be kept carefully. However, due to its soft texture, it can be cut and sculpted in ways that many other gems cannot.


Amethyst is classified as a purple gemstone because its synthetic counterpart contains a variety of purple colors. This is one of the most well-known semi-precious gems in the world, favored by lapidaries for its soft vibrant color, natural abundance. Ranking at 7 in Mohs scale, amethyst also has a relatively high durability. 


Citrine, a cousin of amethyst, gets its yellow color from heating the iron in quartz crystals. This heating can and does occur in nature, but citrine is also commonly heat-treated. The color of the stone can range from pale yellow to deep amber, but some of the most popular Citrine gemstones range in color from clear yellow to a brilliant brownish red.

Citrine rates 7.0 on the Mohs scale, so it's a good option for regularly worn jewelry. It's an affordable choice that fits within many budgets, although especially clear gems are more costly. 


Garnet is the name used for a large group of rock-forming minerals, which is traditionally thought to be a deep reddish-purple gem, actually comes in a variety of colors, including orange, brown, green, and pink. Only a small percentage of garnets meet the requirements for jewelry.

Almandine, pyrope, spessartine, andradite, grossular, and uvarovite are the most common minerals found in the garnet group. They are all vitreous in appearance, with a transparent-to-translucent diaphaneity, brittle tenacity, and a lack of cleavage. This gem has a Mohs hardness rating of 6.5 to 7.5 and is suitable for most types of jewelry.


Topaz is a popular gemstone among jewelry collectors because it is both durable and affordable. Topaz occurs in a wide range of colors naturally, including blue, brown, orange, pink, green, and yellow. When topaz is coated with a thin color film, it takes on a rainbow tone, earning it the name mystic topaz.

One of the best-known physical properties of topaz is its hardness. Rating 8.0 on the Mohs scale, topaz is strong enough to be worn on a daily basis. The cost of topaz is reported to be highly variable, depending on color. Colorless stones cost about $6 per carat on average, while rare light purple stones cost about $640 per carat.

Brands having intention to develop a beautiful stones jewelry collection? Check out our current designs at New Arrival Catalogue. And if you have your own ideas, contact Shinera Vietnam and we will assist you in sketching original concepts to 3D CAD and final products. 

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